In the development of today’s Smart Cities strategies, mobility and therefore Electric Vehicles (EVs) are a key element. This is more relevant than ever as in the latest years, electric cars hit new global sales records as opposed to a general decrease in petrol car sales. The implementation of electric transportation has a number of great benefits associated over conventional petrol cars.
On the one hand, electric vehicles are meant to reduce both pollution and noise, therefore to make the cities living and working environment healthier. On the other hand, EVs are cheaper to run as well as cheaper to maintain.
Yet, there are a number of challenges associated with Evs. One of them derives from the infrastructure required for electric vehicle charging as well as its placement into public, residential and commercial buildings or within urban systems. Charging environment encompasses a wide range of devices including charging cables, plug types and connectors. It is essential that these devices comply with all testing, necessary certificates and safety standards before they enter the market.
In this regard for low voltage safety certification, IEC 61851-1:2011 is an international standard for electric vehicle conductive charging systems. It applies to both on-board and off-board equipment for charging electric road vehicles at standard supply voltages, and for providing electrical power for any additional services on the vehicle if required when connected to the supply network.
Moreover, the Plug Connection Type-2 IEC 62196-1/2, with interlock covers performance, tests and quality requirements for the TE Connectivity (TE) IEC 62196 EV Connector & Plug Assemblies. Additionally, the Safety class IP 54 refers to enclosures’ capabilities as regards protection against particles and against water.